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Self-Compassion in University Students: An Integrative Literature Review

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.2521

Keywords:

compassion, self-compassion, college students, higher education, mindfulness, integrative literature review, mental health, education, higher education

Abstract

The overall objective of this study was to gather empirical evidence on self-compassion in college students. The integrative review covered articles published from 2009 to 2021, indexed in PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science, in Portuguese, English or Spanish. A total of 183 files were found and, after the screening, eligibility and selection steps, 9 papers were included, following the PRISMA guidelines. The analysis was categorized from two topics: (i) self-compassion-based interventions for academics and (ii) self-compassion as a protective psychological factor for the mental health of higher education students. The results showed that self-compassion is considered an important protective factor for positive psychological functioning and the development of constructs that reflect positive dimensions of mental health and academic performance in college students.

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Author Biographies

Mara Dantas Pereira, Universidade Tiradentes - UNIT

Bachelor in Psychology from Tiradentes University (UNIT), Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil. Master's student in the Post-Graduation Program in Psychology at Universidade Federal de Sergipe - UFS (PPGPSI/UFS); member of the Study and Research Group in Psychology, Education, Health and Inclusion at UFS (GEPPESI/UFS); researcher in the Teaching, Evaluation, Curriculum and Contemporaneity Research Group at UNIT (GPDACC/UNIT/CNPq); and collaborator associated with the Research Group Education, Culture and Subjectivity of UFS (GPECS/UFS/CNPq); researcher at the School of Legal Sciences of the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (ECJ\UNIRIO), linked to the Research Group Human Rights and Social Transformation of UNIRIO (GPDTS/UNIRIO/CNPq); and researcher at the Laboratory of Biosciences of Human Motricity of UNIT (LABIMH/UNIT/CNPq).

Joilson Pereira da Silva, Universidade Federal de Sergipe - UFS

PhD in Psychology from the Complutense University of Madrid-Spain. He did a Senior Post-Doctoral Internship in Psychology at the Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona-Spain. Master in Psychology by the Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB). Associate Professor at Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS) and credentialed professor of the Graduate Program in Psychology (PPGPSI/UFS). Member of the Research Group on school violence: bullying and prejudice (UNIFESP) and leader of the Group for Studies and Research in Psychology, Education, Health, and Inclusion (GEPPESI/UFS).

Posted

2021-07-12 — Updated on 2021-09-09

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Human Sciences