Favolus rugulosus from the Neotropics: first bioprospecting for its evaluation in the food industry
Keywords:bioactive, essential fatty acids, domestication, neotropic, proximal composition
[Objective] Our main objective was to evaluate Favolus rugulosus indoor production in different substrates and to analyze the proximal composition of cultivated basidiomata. [Methodology] The studied species was identified by morphological and phylogenetic analyses based on ITS markers. Domestication capability was evaluated in different easy-access substrates. Total phenolic content and antioxidant activities were quantified, and proximal content was analyzed on cultivated basidiomata. [Results] Eucalypts sawdust-straw mixture produced basidiomata in higher yields in an intermediate amount of time (45 days). The highest concentration of phenolic compounds (35.6 ± 2.6 mg GAE g-1) and antioxidants (13.6 ± 1.3 mg AAE g-1) were obtained in the ethyl acetate fraction. Regarding proximal composition, F. rugulosus is composed of 20 % proteins, 15,4 % carbohydrates, 25,2 % dietary fiber and 5,7 % fat. [Conclusions] Nutritional composition analyses on cultivated basidiomata revealed F. rugulosus to be high in protein, carbohydrates, dietary fiber and essential fatty acids.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Brenda Veloso, Michelle Campi, Yanine Maubet, Enzo Cristaldo, Claudia Mancuello, Francisco Ferreira
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