SIMULATED INVESTIGATION OF COMPLAINTS: A COLLABORATIVE EDUCATIONAL STRATEGY FOR LEARNING MEDICAL ETHICS AND BIOETHICS
Keywords:Medical Ethics, Medical Education, Simulation training, Problem-based learning, Institutional Ethics
Medical teaching in Brazil must associate technical matters with ethical education by using active learning methods. It should allow the acquisition of knowledge, the development of attitudes, and critical reflection, for deliberations that could be technically correct and ethically appropriate to each situation. Complaints against possible ethical deviations are investigated in inquiries by Regional Medical Councils. The simulation of the investigation and judgement of ethical complaints is an educational strategy that aims to facilitate the acquisition of knowledge on current ethical, procedural and legal rules that regulate the medical profession in Brazil. Students may also develop skills of group deliberation, after informed reflection and appraisal, on situations with the eventual presence of ethical violations and thus develop ethically justifiable attitudes. The educational strategy could also help prevent future occurrences of ethical infractions and guide doctors to prepare their replies after complaints in Medical Councils. The paper discusses the characteristics of the educational analysis of disciplinary investigations and its potential to help in medical ethics teaching. The method also tries to link the needs of medical schools and graduate medical programs and the legal purpose of Brazilian Medical Councils. It could also allow effective collaboration between the medical profession's educational and regulatory bodies to develop the ethical decision-making process in the students.
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