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Prevalence of the consumption of ultra-processed foods, alcohol, tobacco and chronic non-communicable diseases in Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil, 2019: comparative analysis of two epidemiological surveys

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-49742022000100023

Keywords:

Demographic and Health Surveys, Cross-Sectional Studies, Epidemiological Monitoring, Chronic disease, Prevalence

Abstract

Objective: To describe, comparatively, the prevalence of non-communicable chronic diseases, consumption of ultra-processed foods, alcohol and tobacco, estimated by the Surveillance System for Risk and Protection Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel) and by the National Health Survey (PNS), in Rio Branco, Acre. Methods: Cross-sectional study, using sociodemographic, health and lifestyle variables from surveys conducted in 2019. Prevalences and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were described and percentage differences were calculated. Results: Of the 3,037 individuals evaluated, there was similarity in the prevalence, with difference in people with mixed race/skin color in Vigitel (60.3 – 95%CI 56.2;64.3) and PNS (70.8 – 95%CI 67.4;73.9). In the stratification by sex, percentage differences between the surveys were observed for obesity (male = 6.5%; female = 0.4%), smoking (male = 4.0%; female = -1.5%) and alcohol abuse (male = 6.9%; female = -2.5%), but with 95%CI overlapping. Conclusion: Estimates evaluated in both surveys were similar.

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Posted

02/10/2022

How to Cite

Lima, Y. de M. M., Martins, F. A., & Ramalho, A. A. (2022). Prevalence of the consumption of ultra-processed foods, alcohol, tobacco and chronic non-communicable diseases in Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil, 2019: comparative analysis of two epidemiological surveys. In SciELO Preprints. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-49742022000100023

Section

Health Sciences