Preprint / Version 1

The cultural adaptation and psychometric properties of the Selfitis Behavior Scale: cross-sectional study in Brazilian adolescents

Brazilian version of the Selfitis Behavior Scale




Social Media use, Selfie-taking, Selfitis Scale Behavior, Psychometric properties, selfitis


Objective: to translate, adapt, and identify the psychometric properties of the Selfitis Behavior Scale (SBS). Methods: online study conducted with 261 Brazilian adolescents. The translation and cross-cultural adaptation process followed international guidelines, resulting in an adequate scale with face, content and construct validity. Results: The five factors explained 78.2% of the total variance. Confirmatory factor analysis (structural equation model for latent variables) showed an adequate fit of the five-factor model with χ2= 2.42 p=0.001, GFI=0.92, AGFI= 0.89, NNFI= 0.92, TLI= 0.96, CFI= 0.93, RMSEA= 0.041. All factor loadings were statistically different from zero (0; t >1.96, p<0.05). The total internal consistency value by Cronbach's alpha and McDonald's omega was above 0.80 and the internal consistencies of each factor were above 0.79. Conclusion: This is the first Brazilian study to evaluate the psychometric properties of a selfie scale. The SBS proved to be a reliable and valid instrument to assess selfie behavior.


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Author Biographies

Pedro Henrique Ribeiro, Universidade Federal de São Paulo

He has a degree in Nutrition from Centro Universitário São Camilo (2014). He is currently a high school and technical teacher and coordinator of the technical course in Nutrition and Dietetics at Centro Estadual de Educação Tecnológica Paula Souza. Has experience in the field of Nutrition, with emphasis on Clinical Nutrition, and eating disorders. Master's student in Education and Health in Childhood and Adolescence, at UNIFESP.

Andre Luiz Monezi Andrade, Department of Life Science- Pontificia Universidade Católica de Campinas

Psychologist, permanent faculty member of the Stricto Sensu Graduate Programs in Psychology and LIMIAR (Languages, Media and Art) at PUC-Campinas. Post-Doctorate by PUC-Campinas (2018) and UNIFESP (2017). He works mainly in the area of evaluation processes, prevention and psychological intervention, with a focus on impulse disorders (problematic drug use and digital media). She is also interested in the development of psychometric measures that assess these constructs. He has national scientific cooperation projects with researchers from several universities. Internationally, he is a collaborating member of the Substance Abuse Department of WHO (WHO eHealth Project on Alcohol and Health Investigators Group) in partnership with researchers from Switzerland, India, Mexico and Belarus. He is a member of the Working Group Drugs and Society of ANPEPP (GT 17); Founding member of REEDUCA-AD (Brazilian Network of Science and Education on Alcohol and Drugs - portal is; Associate Editor (2020-2024) of the journal ESTUDOS DE PSICOLOGIA (Campinas) and member of the Editorial Board of the journal Frontiers in Digital Health.

Richard Alecsander Reichert, Universidade Federal de São Paulo

Doctoral student in the Graduate Program in Psychobiology at the Escola Paulista de Medicina / Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM/UNIFESP), in the area of Medicine and Sociology of Drug Abuse (Concept CAPES 7); Researcher member of the Interdisciplinary Center for Studies in Neuroscience and Behavior in Childhood and Adolescence (CIENCIA-UNIFESP); Collaborator of the Laboratory of Basic and Applied Cognitive Psychology (LPCOG) at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC); Associate member of the Brazilian Multidisciplinary Association of Studies on Drugs (ABRAMD), International Society of Substance Use Professionals (ISSUP), International Network on Brief Interventions for Alcohol & Other Drugs (INEBRIA) and Brazilian Society of Neuroscience and Behavior (SBNeC); Co-founder and coordinator of scientific events and outreach projects of the Brazilian Network of Science and Education on Alcohol and Other Drugs - REEDUCA-AD (www., funded by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); Member of the Intercambiantes Brasil Collective; and producer of scientific and social projects of the Coletivo Tem Sentimento, which performs harm reduction actions in the territory of Cracolândia (Luz Region, São Paulo) directed to the homeless population and users of alcohol, crack and other drugs. He is author/organizer of the books: DRUGS, SCIENCES AND PUBLIC POLICIES: INTERDISCIPLINARY DISCUSSIONS AND HEALTH PRACTICES (Editora Recanto das Letras); BEHAVIORAL, NEUROBIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRUG USE AND DEPENDENCE (Editora CRV); DRUGS AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR - BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES USE (Springer Nature Press); PSYCHOLOGY OF SUBSTANCE USE - PSYCHOTHERAPY, CLINICAL MANAGEMENT AND SOCIAL INTERVENTION (Springer Nature Press); PSYCHOTHERAPIES AND DRUG ABUSE: AN ANALYSIS FROM DIFFERENT THEORETICAL-METHODOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES (CRV Publishing); BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS AND SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE: THEORY, RESEARCH AND INTERVENTION (Springer Nature Publishing); BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS AND DRUG DEPENDENCE: THEORY, RESEARCH AND INTERVENTION (Paradigm Publishing House - Center for Behavioral Sciences and Technology); and VIVENCIES, (IM)POTENTIALS AND RESILIENCES: SOCIAL CONTEXT, CRACK CONSUMPTION AND "WAR ON DRUGS" IN THE CITY OF SÃO PAULO (Oxente Publishing House). She has experience in the field of Psychobiology, with emphasis on the following themes: adolescence, drug use and risk behavior. She develops research and interventions related mainly to the biopsychosocial aspects of substance use and dependence and its social and health implications; and mental health and alcohol and other drugs use in adolescence and among socially vulnerable populations.

Adriana Scatena, Universidade Federal de São Paulo

Psychologist and Master in Education and Health in Childhood and Adolescence from Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). She has experience in Hospital Psychology (Specialization) focused on different levels of prevention (primary, secondary and tertiary. She also has experience in clinical psychology (Brief Psychotherapy) with emphasis on childhood and adolescence. She has worked as a consultant in training and development focused on Human Resources and is involved in several research and extension projects at the Federal University of São Paulo. Among them, she was a tutor in the distance course SUPERA (System for the Detection of Psychoactive Substance Abuse and Dependence: Referral, Brief Intervention, Social Reintegration and Follow-up) linked to the Department of Psychobiology at UNIFESP and the National Secretariat of Drug Policy (SENAD).

Denise De Micheli, Universidade Federal de São Paulo

She has a degree in Psychology from Universidade Paulista (1997), PhD in Sciences (Department of Psychobiology - Federal University of São Paulo - 2000), post-doctorate in Sciences, concentration area Adolescence (Department of Pediatrics - Federal University of São Paulo - 2001). She is an Associate Professor at the Federal University of São Paulo. She has experience in Psychobiology, with emphasis on the following topics: adolescence, education, prevention, risk behaviors, health promotion and neuroscience. Coordinator of the research group CIENCIA (CENTRO INTERDISCIPLINAR DE ESTUDOS EM NEUROCIÊNCIA DO COMPORTAMENTO ADOLESCENTE) registered as a CNPq research directory. Founder and Coordinator of REEDUCA-AD (Brazilian Network of Science and Education on Alcohol and Drugs), whose portal is funded by CNPq. She was coordinator of the postgraduate course Education and Health in Childhood and Adolescence at UNIFESP (2017-2019). Head of the discipline of Medicine and Sociology of Drug Abuse (DIMESAD) at UNIFESP (2012 to 2016). She was vice coordinator (2006-2012) of the distance education course SUPERA (System for detection of abuse and dependence on psychoactive substances: referral, brief intervention, Social reintegration and Monitoring) of SENAD (National Secretariat of Drug Policy) of the Federal Government, offered to more than 75 thousand health professionals from all over Brazil, and later Pedagogical Coordinator (2016-2017). She is a member of AMERSA (Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse) and ABRAMD (Brazilian Multidisciplinary Association of Drug Studies). She coordinates research related to neuroscience, education and health, with emphasis on adolescence, drug use and other risk behaviors, prevention and health promotion. He has graduated more than 20 Master's and 08 Doctoral students and 27 graduation final papers. He has participated in multicenter projects developed by the World Health Organization. She participates in several projects in collaboration with other Brazilian universities and other departments of UNIFESP. She is an ad hoc consultant for FAPESP, CNPq and numerous national and international scientific journals. She has published 7 national books, 4 international books, numerous technical educational materials, book chapters, and scientific articles in national and international journals. She was a visiting professor at San Francisco State University (2018). Associate Editor of the scientific periodical International Journal of Psychology and Neuroscience. Member of the Brazilian Association of Scientific Editors (ABEC). She is a Productivity Fellow at CNPq (2018-present).



How to Cite

Ribeiro, P. H., Monezi Andrade, A. L., Reichert, R. A., Scatena, A., & De Micheli, D. (2021). The cultural adaptation and psychometric properties of the Selfitis Behavior Scale: cross-sectional study in Brazilian adolescents: Brazilian version of the Selfitis Behavior Scale. In SciELO Preprints.


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