Use, cessation, secondhand smoke and exposure to tobacco media in Brazil: results from the National Health Survey 2013 and 2019
Keywords:Tobacco Use Disorder, Smoking, Tobacco Use Cessation, Smoking Prevention, Population Survey, Brazil
Objective: To compare indicators of tobacco use, secondhand smoke, cessation and exposure to pro and anti-tobacco media in 2013 and 2019, and describe these indicators according to sociodemographic variables in 2019. Methods: Cross-sectional study with data from the National Health Survey. The indicators of use, secondhand smoke, cessation and exposure to tobacco-related media were evaluated. Prevalence and confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated for the total population in 2013 and 2019 and according to sociodemographic variables for 2019. Poisson regression with robust variance was used to assess differences in prevalence.
Results: There was an improvement in most of the indicators studied; an increase in ex-smokers and a reduction in secondhand smoke and the attempt to quit smoking. All pro- and anti-tobacco media exposure indicators declined. When considering the prevalence according to sociodemographic characteristics in 2019, 43.8% (95%CI: 41.6;46.0) of men tried to quit smoking, and 50.8% (95%CI: 48.5;53.2) of women. Secondhand smoke at home was higher among women (10.2%; 95%CI: 9.7;10.8). Among those who thought about quitting smoking due to warnings, the proportion was higher among women (48.0%; 95%CI: 45.3;50.6). Tobacco use was higher among men (43.8% (95%CI: 41.6;46.0), in the population aged 40 to 59 years (14.9%; 95%CI: 14.2; 15.6), with a lower level of education (17.6%; 95%CI: 16.8;18.4). Conclusion: The study showed improvement in tobacco-related indicators between the years studied. It is noteworthy that this advance was smaller in relation to the other periods previously analyzed, and, therefore, greater investments in public policies to combat and control smoking in Brazil are necessary.
Copyright (c) 2021 Deborah Carvalho Malta, Crizian Saar Gomes, Fabiana Martins Dias de Andrade, Elton Junio Sady Prates, Francielle Thalita Almeida Alves, Patrícia Pereira Vasconcelos de Oliveira, Paula Carvalho de Freitas, Cimar Azeredo Pereira, Roberta de Betânia Caixeta
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