COVID-19 in Rio de Janeiro municipality: spatial distribution of the first deaths and cases confirmed
Keywords:SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, Spatial Analysis, Epidemiology, Public Health, Brazil
Objective: To analyze and describe the spatial distribution of the first confirmed cases and deaths of COVID-19 in Rio de Janeiro and its association with the Social Development Index (SDI). Methods: Data from confirmed cases and deaths of SARSCoV-2 between March 6 and April 10, 2020 were used. Incidence rates (IR), mortality (MR), lethality and excess risk were calculated. Results: The COVID- IR is 26.8, the MR 1.36 (both per 100 thousand inhabitants) and the lethality is 5%. The excess risk assessed that eight neighborhoods have an IR of 4-12 times greater than the municipality. Moran's I and LISA demonstrate global and local spatial autocorrelation. The regression demonstrated statistical significance between the SDI and the IR and MR. Conclusion: The elaboration of emergency plans against COVID-19 must consider the socioeconomic-cultural characteristics of the municipality.
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Copyright (c) 2020 João Roberto Cavalcante, Ariane de Jesus Lopes de Abreu
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