Preprint / Version 1

Evaluation of Fear and Peritraumatic Distress during Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.890

Keywords:

Mental Health, Fear, Peri-Traumatic Stress, Psychological reactions, Covid-19, Pandemic, Brazil

Abstract

Covid-19 pandemic continues to spread exponentially worldwide, especially in America. By mid-June, 2020, Brazil is one of the most affected countries with more than one million cases and up to 50,000 deaths. This study aims to assess the fear and peri-traumatic stress during the Covid-19 pandemics in Brazil, to enhance infection control methods, appropriate interventions, and public health policies. A cross-sectional survey has been conducted from April 12th to 18th using the Peri-Traumatic Distress Scale (CPDI) and the Fear Scale (FCV-19S) aiming to measure the peri-traumatic stress and fear as psychological reactions during the Covid-19 pandemic. For that purpose, an online spreadsheet was used to send the questionnaire and scales to a sample of 1844 participants as a collecting information tool. Both scales showed a correlation factor of (r=0,660). Results highlight significant gender differences as in both scales women’s mean scores are higher showing that it is paramount that women’s voices were represented in policy spaces as socially constructed gender roles place them in a strategic position to enhance multi-level interventions (primary and secondary effects of Covid-19), equitable policies, and new approaches to control the pandemic.

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Author Biographies

Alberto Abad, Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF)

1 Psychology Graduate Program, Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.

Juliana Almeida da Silva, Ribeirão Preto Medical School of the University of São Paulo (FMRP-USP)

2 Laboratory of Neuroanatomy and Neuropsychobiology, Department of Pharmacology, Ribeirão Preto Medical School of the University of São Paulo (FMRP-USP), Ribeirão Preto, 14049-900, São Paulo, Brazil.

9 Behavioural Neurosciences Institute (INeC), Av. do Café, 2450, Monte Alegre, Ribeirão Preto, 14050-220, São Paulo, Brazil.

Lucas Emmanuel Pedro de Paiva Teixeira, Federal University of Alfenas (UNIFAL-MG)

3 Institute of Motricity Sciences, Federal University of Alfenas (UNIFAL-MG), Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Mayra Antonelli-Ponti, University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto (USP-RP)

4 Laboratory of Studies and Research in Social Economy, University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Sandra Bastos, Otorhinolaryngology Institute (ISBO)

5 Otorhinolaryngology Institute (ISBO), São Paulo, SP. Brazil

Cláudia Helena Cerqueira Mármora, Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF)

6 Department of the Old, Adult and Maternal-infant, School of Physical Therapy, Graduate Program in Psychology, Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Luis Antonio Monteiro Campos, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro

7 Master's Program in Psychology, Catholic University of Petrópolis, Petrópolis, Brazil. Department of Psychology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Scheila Paiva, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS)

8 Psychology Graduate Program, Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil. Department Speech Therapy of Federal University of Sergipe (UFS), Lagarto, SE, Brazil.

Renato Leonardo de Freitas, Federal University of Alfenas (UNIFAL-MG)

9 Behavioural Neurosciences Institute (INeC), Av. do Café, 2450, Monte Alegre, Ribeirão Preto, 14050-220, São Paulo, Brazil.

10 Biomedical Sciences Institute, Federal University of Alfenas (UNIFAL-MG), Minas Gerais, Brazil.

11 Laboratory of Neurosciences of Pain & Emotions and Multi-User Centre of Neuroelectrophysiology, Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Ribeirão Preto Medical School of the University of São Paulo (FMRP-USP), Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

José Aparecido da Silva, University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto (USP-RP)

12 Laboratory of Psychophysics, Perception, Psychometrics, and Pain. University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Posted

2020-07-05

Section

Human Sciences