Preprint / Version 1

Technology as a tool to reduce school dropout rates in Costa Rica




Dropout, non-school, technology, evolution, unemployment


Objective: This study aimed to research the factors that cause school dropout and whether technology can positively influence the reduction of this phenomenon in adolescents between 11 and 17 years old. Method: The research was conducted under a qualitative-exploratory approach, according to Hurtado (2010) through an in-depth interview based on Hernández-Sampieri et al. (2017). The sample was 92 students, from two schools located in two different regions in Costa Rica for the year 2021. Results: The gender distribution and the dropout rate in the selected sample indicate that the male gender has the highest dropout rate with 65.22%, some studies can corroborate like Santodomingo (April 19, 2021), the main reasons for this result are the abundance of unskilled jobs for men and the value system associated with the male gender. Findings: The female gender has a higher level of dropout in rural areas (53.12%), and one important reason is teenage pregnancy. Conclusions: Students who drop out of the school system do so mainly for reasons associated with a lack of interest in classes and economic problems in the family environment. Finally, it is concluded that for a virtual education process to be successful, it is not only enough to use technology as a tool, the teacher must establish a teaching model that is agile, flexible, and dynamic to maintain the student's interest. Among the recommendations, measures are proposed to reduce school dropout rates in the institutions.


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How to Cite

Atencio, G. S., & Ramírez, M. U. (2024). Technology as a tool to reduce school dropout rates in Costa Rica. In SciELO Preprints.


Applied Social Sciences


Data statement

  • The research data is contained in the manuscript

  • The research data is available on demand, condition justified in the manuscript