Preprint / Version 2

UNDERSTANDING SCHOOL VIOLENCE: A RAPID REVIEW ON CHARACTERISTICS, ASSOCIATED FACTORS, AND INTERVENTIONS

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.7095

Keywords:

school violence, Systematic Review, Bullying, Prevention

Abstract

Educational institutions must create welcoming and secure environments to foster student learning and development. However, safety in schools has been compromised by a series of incidents involving school violence, ranging from peer victimization and bullying to armed attacks (Polanin et al., 2020, Silva et al., 2020). This study conducts a rapid review of systematic reviews on school violence conducted both in Brazil and internationally, aiming to comprehend the characteristics of school violence, its associated factors, armed attacks in schools, and potential prevention and intervention measures to address school violence. A rapid review approach was employed, following the PRISMA protocol (Page et al., 2020). The focus was on systematic reviews related to school violence, identified through title searches across eleven databases. A total of 1,738 publications were retrieved. After removing duplicates, screening references, and evaluating the quality of the full texts, 127 studies were included in the analysis. The resulting categories were as follows: characteristics of school violence (15% of studies), factors associated with school violence (45.7%), interventions to combat school violence (33.8%), and armed attacks on schools (5.5%). The findings underscore the complexity of school violence and the variability in prevalence rates, while also emphasizing the need for further research on school violence within the Brazilian context contributing to the development and evaluation of inclusive and culturally appropriate interventions.

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Posted

10/04/2023 — Updated on 11/30/2023

Versions

How to Cite

Cunha, J. M. da, Amaral, H. T., Ricci, B. N., Roza, S. A., & Yano, V. A. N. (2023). UNDERSTANDING SCHOOL VIOLENCE: A RAPID REVIEW ON CHARACTERISTICS, ASSOCIATED FACTORS, AND INTERVENTIONS. In SciELO Preprints. https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.7095 (Original work published 2023)

Section

Human Sciences

Plaudit

Version justification

A versão mais recente (v2) do artigo foi atualizada em atenção ao feedback da editora da revista à qual foi submetida. Ampliamos significativamente as seções de introdução e discussão para fornecer um contexto mais abrangente para o estudo, elaborando sua importância e as implicações de nossas descobertas em maior detalhe. Essas modificações foram realizadas com o intuito de melhorar a clareza, profundidade e qualidade geral do trabalho.

Data statement

  • The research data is contained in the manuscript

  • The research data is available in one or more data repository(ies)