Mental illness in the general population and health workers during the covid-19 pandemic: systematic review
Keywords:Coronavirus infections, Mental health, Health personnel, Psychological stress, Pandemics
Objective: to identify and analyze the literature on mental illness in the general population and health professionals in the context of the new coronavirus pandemic. Method: systematic review in the MEDLINE / PubMed, SCOPUS, Web Of Science, PsycINFO and Science Direct databases, using the keywords “COVID-19”, “coronavirus infection”, “coronavirus”, “2019-nCoV”, “2019 novel coronavirus disease ”,“ SARS-CoV-2 ”,“ health personnel ”,“ general public ”and“ mental health ”. 1,168 articles were found. Results: 27 articles were analyzed, most of which were transversal, of which 19 (70%) dealt with the prevalence of mental illness in the general population, six (22%) in doctors and nurses, one (4%) in other health professionals and one (4%) in the general population and nurses. Twenty symptoms of mental illness were identified. Conclusion: the pandemic of the new coronavirus triggered, more frequently, anxiety, depression, stress and post-traumatic stress disorders in the general population and health professionals. Women, students and nurses are among the most affected.
Copyright (c) 2020 Wanderson Carneiro Moreira, Anderson Reis de Sousa, Maria do Perpétuo S. S. Nóbrega
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