Preprint / Version 1

EUROCENTRIC CLAIMS ABOUT AFRICA, ITS PEOPLE AND THE CREATION OF THE NEW STATE: CONSTRUCTION OF IDENTITY IN GUINEA-BISSAU

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.6794

Keywords:

Africa, national identity, Guinea-Bissau, PAIGC, pan-Africanists

Abstract

This article aims to discuss the role of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde (hereinafter PAIGC) in the process of building the Guinean nation-state. To this end, the conception of national states is analyzed in the context of the new independence in Africa in the 1960s to 1980s, to understand the process of building an inclusive Guinean identity in contrast to the exclusionary identity proposed by the PAIGC. The central argument is that the influences of the Pan-Africanist movements, which the party received, led to the construction, opposing it to other identities produced historically and culturally in the territory. In order to develop its argument, the article is structured into two sections. The first section will counter criticize Eurocentric claims about the African continent, highlighting its influences on modernity. The second section will highlight how the birth of the nation-state by the African party PAIGC influenced the construction of Guinea-Bissau's national identity. The choice of this theme is justified by the understanding that the construction of identities is part of launched historical processes. The partial results show how collective memories have been subordinated, but continue to claim their place in the construction of national identity.

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Author Biographies

Virgínio Vicente Mendes, Federal University of Paraná

PhD student in History at the Federal University of Paraná (PPGHIS-UFPR). He has a Master's degree in African Studies, Indigenous Peoples and Black Cultures (PPGEAFIN) from the State University of Bahia (2022), a Degree in History from the University of Integration of Afro-Brazilian Lusofonia-BA (2019) and a degree in Humanities from the University of International Integration of Afro-Brazilian Lusofonia (2017). , working mainly on the following themes: resistance, Brazilian culture, capoeira, and black people. Research on Mandjaku culture, Mandjaku Identity, Guinean nationalism, Guinean historiography, Teaching History in Guinea-Bissau, Nation-State, nationalism Guinean Identity.

Erica Paula Vasconcelos, Federal University of Latin American Integration (UNILA)

Northeastern, graduated in Interdisciplinary Bachelor's Degree in Humanities (BIH) and International Relations (IR) from the University of International Integration of Afro-Brazilian Lusofonia (UNILAB). She is currently a specialist in Contemporary International Relations and a master's student in International Relations at the Federal University of Latin American Integration (UNILA), member of the research group Núcleo de Estudos para a Paz (NEP), student representative of the Higher Education Commission (COSUEN) and of the Superior Research Commission (COSUP) of Unila, member of the Young Committee of the Asociación Latinoamericana de Ciencia Política (ALACIP) and of the Research Forum of the Brazilian Association of International Relations (ABRI). She has been a member of the Planning Committee for Educational Actions and awareness campaigns for the university community focused on gender issues, gender-based violence, violence against women and the Committee for Analysis and Reevaluation of Courses at the Institute of Humanities and Letters at UNILAB . She served as a student representative of the Academic Center for International Relations at UNILAB / Campus dos Malês (CARI-MALÊS), and is an advisor to the Higher Deliberation Bodies University Council (CONSUNI). She was a member of the UNILAB Interinstitutional Project in building understanding of National Identity: training for the initial grades of elementary school and the Languages and Languages Center of the Malês Campus (NULIM)

Posted

09/15/2023

How to Cite

Mendes, V. V., & Vasconcelos, E. P. (2023). EUROCENTRIC CLAIMS ABOUT AFRICA, ITS PEOPLE AND THE CREATION OF THE NEW STATE: CONSTRUCTION OF IDENTITY IN GUINEA-BISSAU. In SciELO Preprints. https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.6794

Section

47th Annual ANPOCS Meeting

Plaudit

Data statement

  • The research data is contained in the manuscript