Leveling down: Impacts of the pandemic on learning loss in the 5th grade of Brazilian elementary education
Keywords:School performance, Elementary education, Covid-19 pandemic, Socioeconomic status
This paper discusses learning losses in the early years of elementary education at a national level, before and after the Covid-19 pandemic, with special attention to the importance of technical-pedagogical resources mobilized by schools in potentially minimizing the decline in performance. A panel of average school results from the Basic Education Evaluation System (Saeb) was used, along with data from the Basic Education Census and other educational indicators. Descriptive results indicate that the pandemic mainly impacted schools with higher pre-crisis performance, leading to an overall "leveling down" of the education system, particularly affecting schools with students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds and with less institutional capacity to respond to the pandemic. Linear models with municipal fixed effects suggest that, when controlling for pre-crisis performance and socioeconomic status, the technical-pedagogical response to the pandemic and the time of in-person schooling had low practical significance as non-causal effects. In summary, the research identifies a certain apathy of schools and educational boards towards mobilized tools, which raises questions about the effectiveness of such resources in dealing with the crisis.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Adriano Souza Senkevics, Victor Gabriel Alcântara
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
They cannot be made publicly available
- Antes de os dados serem disponibilizados publicamente, será necessária uma consulta prévia ao Inep visando à autorização dessa publicação. Em caso positivo, a publicação poderá ser editada para conter a base em um repositório aberto.