Preprint / Version 1

MILITARIZATION OF EDUCATION AND PUBLIC OPINION: SOCIOLOGICAL REFLECTIONS ON STATEMENTS FROM THE NEWSPAPER O POPULAR

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.6298

Keywords:

Education, Militarized education, Public opinion, Sociology, Culture

Abstract

From the problematization of statements about the endorsement of the Goiás population to the militarization of public schools in the state network, the study selects and categorizes texts published between 2015 and 2018 in the Goiás newspaper "O Popular" on the theme "military school." From theoretical keys presented by Bourdieu (2008; 1987), it describes and analyzes the positions that emerge there about the militarization process of the schools of the state public network of Goiás. For this, we use the utterance concept in Bakhtin (1997) as an element that makes up the discourse of public opinion, whose characteristics touch on common sense about education and militarization policy. Next, we seek to understand how these positions are engendered and articulated as foundations of a supposed "public opinion." Thus, besides the "sociological vision" prescribed by Bourdieu, the study uses theoretical keys formulated by Marx and Engels. It uses Carvalho (2013) and Aquino (2014) to discuss the dynamics of the school environment. Throughout the text, we present possibilities for understanding the sociocultural bases that energize the positions that "public opinion" manifests. Moreover, the study made it possible to describe the social place in which the discourses that defend the militarization of education in Goiás operate.

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Author Biographies

Eduardo Santos, Instituto Federal de Goiás

Eduardo is a teacher of Portuguese and Spanish in Basic, Technical and Technological Education at the Federal Institute of Goiás - Câmpus Anápolis. Full degree in Portuguese Languages (2013) with apostille in Spanish Language (2013) by the Federal University of Goiás (UFG). He attended two semesters of the Degree in Spanish at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UaB). He completed a master's degree in Education from the Graduate Program in Education at UFG in the line of research State, Politics and History of Education. Member of the Study and Research Group on Educational Policies and Youth (GEPEJ / IFG / UFG). He is also a member of the National Research Network on the Militarization of Education.

Miriam Alves, Goias Federal University

Miriam is a doctor in Education (UFMG - Federal University of Minas Gerais), 2007, a Master's in Education (UFG - Federal University of Goiás), 2000, and a degree in History (UEG - State University of Goiás), 1992. She completed a Postdoctoral Internship at the University of Seville, Spain, in 2018. She is currently an associate professor at the Faculty of Education/UFG and a professor at the Graduate Program in Education and Visiting Professor at UNIRIO and a FAPERJ scholarship holder (2022- 2023). She coordinates the Study and Research Group on Educational Policies and Youth (GEPEJ) and the National Research Network on Militarization of Education (RePME). She serves as Financial Director of ANPEd. She has experience in the area of Education, working mainly on the following topics: Militarization of Public Schools, High School and Youth, Educational Policies.

Lívia Reis, Instituto Federal de Goiás

Lívia has a degree in Pedagogy (2009) and a Specialization in Early Childhood Education (2012) from the Federal University of Goiás and a Master's in Education from the University of Brasília (2015). Currently, she is a doctoral student in the Graduate Program in Education at the Faculty of Education at UFG. Professor at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Goiás-Câmpus Goiânia Oeste, where she develops teaching, research and extension activities. Researcher at the Study and Research Group on Educational Policies and Youth (GEPEJ).

Posted

06/26/2023

How to Cite

Santos, E., Alves, M., & Reis, L. (2023). MILITARIZATION OF EDUCATION AND PUBLIC OPINION: SOCIOLOGICAL REFLECTIONS ON STATEMENTS FROM THE NEWSPAPER O POPULAR. In SciELO Preprints. https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.6298

Section

Human Sciences

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Data statement

  • The research data is contained in the manuscript