Initial analysis of the spatial correlation between the incidence of COVID-19 and human development in the municipalities of the state of Ceará, in Brazil
Keywords:Coronavirus, SARS virus, Development indicators, Geographic mapping
Objective: To analyze the spatial distribution of the incidence of COVID-19 and its correlation with the municipal human development index (MHDI) of the municipalities of Ceará. Methods: This is an ecological study with data recovered from the 15th to the 19th epidemiological week of the year 2020 using the MHDI and the COVID-19 incidence coefficient for each municipality as variables. The univariate and the bivariate spatial correlation were analyzed using the TerraView and GeoDa software. Results: The incidence of COVID-19 has spatial dependence with moderate positive correlation and the formation of high-high clusters located in the metropolitan region of Fortaleza and municipalities in the North region. The lowest incidence was a low-low cluster in the South and West regions. There was a positive bivariate correlation between MHDI and the incidence of COVID-19 with the formation of a cluster in the metropolitan region of Fortaleza. Conclusion: The uneven mapping of COVID-19 and its relationship with MHDI in Ceará can contribute with actions for the regional fight against the pandemic.
Copyright (c) 2020 Jacques Antonio Cavalcante Maciel, Castro-Silva Castro-Silva, Mariana Ramalho de Farias
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.