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Methodological aspects and results of the baseline health monitoring of adults and elderly people infected with covid-19 (Sulcovid-19)

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.5334

Keywords:

Cross-Sectional Studies, Methods, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Pandemics

Abstract

AIM: to describe the methodology used in the study, the sample and the prevalence of symptoms in the acute phase of the infection according to socioeconomic variables. METHODS: cross-sectional study carried out in Rio Grande with individuals infected with covid-19 from December 2020 to March 2021. Nineteen symptoms present during the acute phase of the infection were investigated and analyzed, separately and in categories of “0-4”, “5-9” and “10 or more”, according to gender, age and economic class. RESULTS: 2,919 people were part of the sample. The most prevalent symptoms were fatigue (73.7%), headache (67.2%), loss of taste (65.9%), loss of smell (63.9%) and muscle pain (62.3% ). Regarding the occurrence of symptoms stratified by gender, all symptoms, except productive cough, were statistically higher in females. Regarding age, it was found that headache, pain/discomfort to breathe, loss of taste, loss of smell, fatigue, sore throat, nasal congestion, diarrhea, joint pain and muscle pain were statistically higher among adults (18 -59 years). As for economic class, the prevalence of symptoms of shortness of breath, pain/discomfort in breathing, alteration in sensitivity and joint pain showed a linear increase with the reduction in economic class. CONCLUSION: the results of this study made it possible to identify the most frequent symptoms in the acute phase of covid-19 and their distribution in groups, providing data for the implementation of public policies by managers and support for health professionals in assisting this population.

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Posted

01/09/2023

How to Cite

Saes, M. de O., Rocha, J. Q. S., Rutz, A. A. M., Silva, C. N. da, Camilo, L. dos S., Oliveira, B. C. de, Ritta, M. de C., Nunes, L. da S., Gonçalves, C. de S., Pereira Vieira, Y., Neves, R. G., & Duro, S. M. S. (2023). Methodological aspects and results of the baseline health monitoring of adults and elderly people infected with covid-19 (Sulcovid-19) . In SciELO Preprints. https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.5334

Section

Health Sciences

Plaudit

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