Methodological aspects and results of the baseline health monitoring of adults and elderly people infected with covid-19 (Sulcovid-19)
Keywords:Cross-Sectional Studies, Methods, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Pandemics
AIM: to describe the methodology used in the study, the sample and the prevalence of symptoms in the acute phase of the infection according to socioeconomic variables. METHODS: cross-sectional study carried out in Rio Grande with individuals infected with covid-19 from December 2020 to March 2021. Nineteen symptoms present during the acute phase of the infection were investigated and analyzed, separately and in categories of “0-4”, “5-9” and “10 or more”, according to gender, age and economic class. RESULTS: 2,919 people were part of the sample. The most prevalent symptoms were fatigue (73.7%), headache (67.2%), loss of taste (65.9%), loss of smell (63.9%) and muscle pain (62.3% ). Regarding the occurrence of symptoms stratified by gender, all symptoms, except productive cough, were statistically higher in females. Regarding age, it was found that headache, pain/discomfort to breathe, loss of taste, loss of smell, fatigue, sore throat, nasal congestion, diarrhea, joint pain and muscle pain were statistically higher among adults (18 -59 years). As for economic class, the prevalence of symptoms of shortness of breath, pain/discomfort in breathing, alteration in sensitivity and joint pain showed a linear increase with the reduction in economic class. CONCLUSION: the results of this study made it possible to identify the most frequent symptoms in the acute phase of covid-19 and their distribution in groups, providing data for the implementation of public policies by managers and support for health professionals in assisting this population.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Mirelle de Oliveira Saes, Juliana Quadros Santos Rocha, Aline Augusta Medeiros Rutz, Carine Nascimento da Silva, Lara dos Santos Camilo, Brena Costa de Oliveira, Mauren de Castro Ritta, Lorrany da Silva Nunes, Cristiane de Souza Gonçalves, Yohana Pereira Vieira, Rosália Garcia Neves, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul
Grant numbers 21/2551-0000107-0