Preprint has been published in a journal as an article
DOI of the published article https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720230012.supl.1.1
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Association of child labor with risk and protective factors for Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases in Brazilian schoolchildren: National School Health Survey 2015

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720230012.supl.1.1

Keywords:

Child Labor, Teenagers; Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases, Risk factors, Protection Factors

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the sociodemographic profile of adolescents working in Brazil and the association of child labor with risk and protection factors for Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases. Methods: Cross-sectional study with data from sample 2 of the 2015 National School Health Survey. The variables gender, age, race/skin color, administrative dependence on the school and maternal education, variables about food, physical activity and use of drugs. Analyzes were performed by means of prevalence and respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) and calculation of the crude and adjusted ODDS Ratio. Results: A total of 10,926 students participated in the survey, of which 16.9% (95%CI: 15.1-18.9) worked. Child labor was higher among adolescents: male (ORaj: 1.82; 95%CI: 1.55-2.15); aged between 16 and 17 years (ORaj: 2.96; 95%CI: 2.37-3.69; who studied in public schools (ORaj: 1.69; 95%CI: 1.14-2.52); with maternal schooling equal to incomplete high school (ORaj: 1.54; 95%CI: 1.11;2.13); residents of the South region (ORaj: 2.17; 95%CI: 1.60-2.94). Adolescents workers were more likely to smoke (ORaj: 1.94; 95%CI: 1.52-2.48); consume alcoholic beverages (ORaj: 2.01; 95%CI: 1.71-2.36); use drugs (ORaj: 1.76; 95%CI: 1.35-2.31); perform physical activity (ORaj: 1.24; 95%CI: 1.07-1.44); consume sweets (ORaj: 1.30 ; 95%CI: 1.13-1.49); consume fried snacks (ORaj: 1.41; 95%CI: 1.15-1.74), and soft drinks (ORaj: 1.23; 95%CI: 1.06 -1.44), however, they had a lower chance of sedentary behavior (ORaj: 0.68; 95%CI: 0.59-0.79). Conclusions: There were sociodemographic differences regarding child labor in Brazil. Those who worked were more likely to show risk behaviors for NCDs, however they were more physically active.

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Posted

12/16/2022

How to Cite

Ferreira, A. C. M., Silva, A. G. da, Gomes, C. S., & Malta, D. C. (2022). Association of child labor with risk and protective factors for Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases in Brazilian schoolchildren: National School Health Survey 2015. In SciELO Preprints. https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720230012.supl.1.1

Section

Health Sciences

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