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Functional health standards in adults with COVID-19 in intensive care: a rationale for nursing diagnoses




Nursing, Adult, COVID-19, Public Health, Intensive Care


Objective: to identify the main nursing diagnoses in adult patients confirmed with the new coronavirus admitted to intensive care units in the light of functional health standards. Method: descriptive study, reflective analysis of the literature in the light of the theory of functional health standards. Results: The main nursing diagnoses according to NANDA-International are: Imbalanced nutrition less than body needs (00002), Risk of unbalanced liquid volume (00025), Diarrhea (00013), Impaired gas exchange (00030) , Impaired bed mobility (00091), Risk of ineffective peripheral tissue perfusion (00228), Risk of infection (00004), Risk of aspiration (00039), and Risk of pressure injury (00249). The nursing actions are related to the diagnoses presented, based on comfort, harm reduction and preventive measures to the patient with conformation of the new coronavirus. However, there is no identification of clinical studies in the area with the specificity of these diagnoses or with the effectiveness of these proposed interventions. Conclusion: Nursing can present strategies based on the patient's responses to the new coronavirus, translated into the nursing diagnoses that are the basis for interventions. Therefore, clinical studies are suggested to identify the accuracy of each of these diagnoses and the effectiveness of these interventions.


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