Temporal trend and spatial distribution of gestational and congenital syphilis in the State of Espírito Santo from 2010 to 2019.
Keywords:Gestational Syphilis, Congenital Syphilis, National System of Injuries and Notifications, Information System on Live Births, Demographic and Health Surveys
Objective: To evaluate the temporal trend and spatial distribution of gestational and congenital syphilis in the State of Espírito Santo from 2010 to 2019. Materials and methods: This is an ecological time series study with data on gestational and congenital syphilis obtained from the National System of Diseases and Notifications (SINAN) and live births in the Information System on Live Births (SINASC). Incidence rates of gestational and congenital syphilis were calculated, which were grouped according to the IBGE health macro-regions and analyzed in biennia. Results: 9,763 cases of gestational syphilis and 3,912 cases of congenital syphilis were reported. Gestational syphilis rates ranged from 1.46 in 2013 to 31.49 cases per 1,000 live births in 2018, congenital syphilis rates ranged from 0.12 in 2010 to 11.51 cases per 1,000 live births in 2017. The South region had the lowest incidence rates (2.32 cases/1,000 live births for gestational syphilis and 0.54/1,000 live births for congenital syphilis) and the Metropolitan region the highest (37.08 cases/1,000 live births for gestational syphilis and 13.74/1,000 live births for congenital syphilis). Conclusion: The increase in cases of the disease suggests a deficiency in the quality of prenatal care.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Francielle Bosi Rodrigues Veloso, Stefanie Lievore Cruz, Arthur Carvalho, Fábio Ribeiro Braga
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