USE OF DECELLULARIZED HUMAN AMNIOTIC MEMBRANE IN INTESTINAL ANASTOMOSES: A STUDY IN RATS TREATED WITH 5-FLUOROURACIL
Keywords:Amniotic membrane, Anastomosis, Antitumoral chemotherapy
Introduction: currently, the most relevant applications of perinatal derivatives are in wound healing, for example, the use of amniotic membrane (AM) as a biomaterials source for use in different healing processes. The anastomotic healing compromised by antimetabolic drugs, such as 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), is a potential target of AM. Objective: To evaluate the healing effects of the AM use in rats treated with 5-FU at a dose of 20 mg/kg on the 7th postoperative day, regarding the parameters percentage of type I collagen (mature), cell viability, microvascular density and granulation tissue formation. Method: Thirty-two Wistar rats were submitted to colotomy and colorraphy, separated in 4 groups with 8t rats each and received, by 7 days, different treatments intraperitoneally, once daily from the operation day until sacrifice: 1- saline solution (C), 2- 20 mg/kg 5-FU, 3- 20 mg/kg 5-FU and 4- MA, and MA. Results: Tthe treatment with 5-FU (20 mg/kg – 7 days) induced adverse effects in the anastomotic healing process evidenced by the decrease of type I collagen (mature), cell viability, percentage microvascular density, granulation tissue formation (leukocyte-fibrin crust and angio-fibroblastic proliferation). The use of AM, under these conditions, induced an improvement in type I collagen (mature) percentage. Conclusion: The treatment with 5-FU induced adverse effects on the healing anastomotic process, and the use of AM, under these conditions, induced improvement in type I (mature) collagen percentage.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Daniel Dantas Ferrarin, Nicolau Gregori Czeczko , Luiz Fernando Kubrusly , Osvaldo Malafaia, Eros Luiz de Sousa, João Carlos Domingues Repka, Pedro Henrique Lambach Caron, Carlos José Franco de Souza
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