EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT AND EXPRESSION OF MARKERS P16/KI67 AS RISK FACTORS IN PERSISTENCE OR RECURRENCE OF HIGH GRADE SQUAMOUS INTRAEPITHELIAL LESION
Keywords:Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, Conization, Recurrence, Biomarkers
Background: Even when pre-neoplastic lesions are treated, there is a risk that the disease will persist or recur. Objectives: Assess whether the status of the surgical margins, the age, the colposcopic lesion size,type of surgery and the expression of the P16 and KI67 markers are risk factors for the persistence or recurrence of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion after CIN 2 and CIN 3 treatment. Methods: A cross-sectional, observational study with retrospective data collection of patients undergoing cold knife( CKC) or Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) for CIN 2 or CIN 3. The following factors were analyzed in relation to recurrence: compromised margins, age, lesion size, type of surgery and staining of immunomarkers P16 and KI67. Results: Among the 271 women, aged between 17 and 67 years, 71 had CKC and 200 LEEP, 95 had CIN 2 and 173 CIN 3, regarding the status of the margins, 183 patients had free surgical margins, 76 compromised and 12 damaged by artifacts or fragmentation. Of the 76 with compromised margins, 55 were endocervical, 11 ectocervical and 10 both margins. Of the 264 who completed followup, 38 persisted or relapsed the disease. A hundred-five reactions with the P16 marker were performed. As for the analysis of the P16 color intensity, 8 cases were mild, 32 moderate and 65 were strong. Regarding the analysis of immunostained epithelial thickness, 7 had 1/3 of the epithelium stained, 36 stained 2/3 and 62 stained the entire epithelium. A total of 113 reactions with the 67 KI marker were performed. As for the analysis of staining intensity, 3 cases were mild, 24 moderate and 86 strong. Regarding the analysis of immunostained epithelial thickness, 6 occurred in 1/3 of the epithelium, 48 in 2/3 and 59 in the entire epithelium. Conclusion: Only the status of the endocervical margins was associated with the persistence or recurrence of the lesion. Age, colposcopic lesion size, type of surgery and expression of P16/KI67 markers were not associated with recurrence or persistence of the lesion.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Dulcimary Dias Bittencourt, Rita Maira Zanine, Carmen Austrália Paredes Marcondes Ribas, Nicolau Gregori Czeczko, Fernando Issamu Tabushi
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