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Effectiveness of the facial mask (non-woven) in the population to prevent coronavirus infections: A systematic review




Coronavirus of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, Coronavirus, Masks, Prevention


Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of non-woven face masks for the prevention of respiratory diseases (MERS CoV, SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2) in the population. Methods: search in Medline, Embase, Cinahl, The Cochrane Library, Trip databases. It also seeks to complement Google Scholar, Rayyan and medRxiv. No filters related to date, language or publication status were applied. Titles and abstracts were screened, and later, full texts were evaluated. Results: three studies were included: a randomized cluster clinical trial and two systematic reviews. The clinical trial indicates the potential benefit of medical masks to control the source of infection for clinical respiratory disease. In one of the systematic reviews, it was not possible to establish a conclusive relationship between the use of the mask and protection against respiratory infection. Finally, another systematic review has shown that masks are effective in preventing the spread of respiratory viruses. Conclusion: Evidence points to the potential benefit of standard non-woven face masks. For the current pandemic scenario due to COVID 19, education on the appropriate use of masks, associated with individual protection measures, is recommended.


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