Excess mortality according to group of causes in the first year of the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil
Keywords:Excess mortality, Cause of Death, Covid-19, Brazil
The study estimated excess mortality by cause of death in Brazil and states in 2020. We estimated standardized mortality ratios considering expected deaths by the estimated trend for the previous 5 years. We observed a 19% excess in deaths in 2020 (SMR= 1.19; 95% CI= 1.18-1.20). There are differences by cause groups, highlighting infectious diseases, mental disorders, chronic cardiovascular/metabolic conditions, and external causes, in addition to ill-defined causes. There is enormous heterogeneity among Brazilian states. The excess of deaths is the result of both Covid-19 and the social response and management of the health system.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Raphael Mendonça Guimarães, Mariana Passos Ribeiro Pinto Basílio de Oliveira, Viviane Gomes Parreira Dutra
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