Risk of COVID-19 in frontline healthcare workers and interventions: a systematic review
Keywords:Occupational Health , Coronavirus Infections, Healthcare Personnel, Risk Factors, Strategies
Objective: to identify the evidence related to the risks of SARS-CoV-2 exposure in healthcare workers and the interventions adopted. Method: systematic literature review in eight scientific databases and three gray literature repositories. Results: 26 studies identified as risk factors: scarcity, inadequate use or reuse of personal equipment; low adherence to precautionary measures; working in intensive care and COVID-19 sectors; long stay in a closed work environment; sharing eating areas without the use of masks and distance; low knowledge and unpreparedness for disease management. 12 studies identified as interventions: health surveillance programs with early detection, diagnosis and early withdrawal; organization of care flows; double triage; telemedicine; limitation of visits; creation of exclusive sectors for care to COVID-19; qualification and training with virtual tools and simulation. Conclusion: besides the risk of infection, individual, psychosocial and organizational factors made the healthcare work environment unsafe. Interventions should be adopted to mitigate the risks and decrease the professionals' morbidity and mortality.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Maria Helena Palucci Marziale, Alex Jones Flores Cassenote, Vivian Aline Mininel, Isabela Fernanda Larios Fracarolli, Heloisa Ehmke Cardoso dos Santos, Gracielle Pereira Aires Garcia, Maria Lúcia do Carmo Cruz Robazzi, Fernanda Ludmilla Rossi Rocha, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Fábio de Souza Terra, Jaqueline Garcia de Almeida Ballestero, Maria Alice Barbosa Fortunato, Marcelo Marques de Lima
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.