Temporal evolution and spatial distribution of leprosy in a low endemic city in São Paulo, Brazil
Keywords:Leprosy, Epidemiology, Spatial Analysis, Time Series Studies, Ecological Studies
Objective: To analyze the spatial and temporal distribution of leprosy in a scenario of low endemicity in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: Ecological study with leprosy casesin Ribeirão Preto, between 2006 to 2016. The temporal trend of leprosy detection was verified through the decomposition of time series and identified areas of high and low occurrence of the disease using the Getis-Ord Gi* technique. Results: There were 890 cases and the detection rate showed an increasing trend in the period from 2011 to 2015, with an average growth of 1% per month. Areas of high occurrence of the disease were identified in the northern region of the city (99% and 95% confidence). Conclusion: The temporal analysis showed that the rate of detection of leprosy showed an increasing trend, and the spatial analysis showed that the region of the municipality with the highest occurrence of the disease is characterized by presenting the greatest social inequalities.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, José Francisco Martoreli Júnior, Thaís Zamboni Berra, Yan Mathias Alves, Tatiana Pestana Barbosa, Alessandro Rolim Scholze, Ivaneliza Simionato de Assis, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Dulce Gomes, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.