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Multidimensional poverty in Brazil, 1991, 2000 and 2010: a spatial approach for brazilian municipalities




multidimensional poverty, convergence, spatial econometrics


The aim of the present study was to analyze the spatial distribution of multidimensional poverty in Brazilian municipalities considering the Minimally Comparable Areas (AMC) and its convergence in the years 1991, 2000 and 2010. For this purpose, a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) the exploratory analysis of spatial data was performed and the spatial econometric approach was used to verify the convergence of multidimensional poverty. The results indicated that housing conditions and demography were the dimensions that contributed most to multidimensional poverty, and the dimensions of health and sanitation and income contributed most to the reduction of multidimensional poverty. The study also pointed out that Brazil showed absolute convergence and multidimensional poverty convergence clubs, especially from 2000 to 2010. In addition, the dimensions of work and housing conditions have contributed most to the convergence of multidimensional poverty.


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Applied Social Sciences