Who worked from home in Brazil? Inequalities highlighted by the pandemic
Keywords:COVID-19, inequalities, labor market, pandemic, remote job
There is some consensus that the pandemic can widen pre-existing inequalities in the labor market and that an essential issue concerns the unequal possibilities of working remotely. This study analyzes inequalities in remote work in Brazil through descriptive analyzes and Probit regressions using PNAD COVID-19 microdata. We have found that workers with the least possibilities for remote work were the poorest, males, rural residents, non-whites, youngest, without college education, self-employed or wage workers from the private sector and agriculture workers. An important part of that stems from differences in selection into occupations; however, some variables maintained important independent effects, especially the college education and the labor income. The pandemic, regarding the possibility of remote work, had the effect of widening the existing inequalities, favoring the wealthier, more educated, and more formalized workers and imposing on the others the need to choose between employment and income versus risk of contagion.
Copyright (c) 2021 Nicole Rennó Castro, Gustavo Carvalho Moreira
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.