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The impact of phonological properties of words in phonological awareness tasks




child, linguistics, verbal behavior, speech perception


The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of word length, syllable complexity and segmental properties (MA) in phonological awareness tasks, in children with typical phonological development and with phonological disorders. To this end two tasks of phonological awareness were elaborated: syllable segmentation and segmental recognition. 80 six-year-old subjects, divided in two groups, participated in this study. The children in one of the groups had typical phonological development (GTPD) and the children in the other group presented phonological disorders (GPD). During the tasks we analyzed word length, syllable complexity, and segmental properties (MA), using the Chi-Square Test, with a significance level of 5%. For word extension, the results were significant for both groups, with correct segmentation for two-syllable words. For syllable complexity, words formed by complex onset were significantly segmented correctly, by the children in the GDFT. Regarding the segmental properties (MA), words with non-lateral liquid coda were correctly segmented by GDFT. The GTPD showed a significantly higher percentage of correct answers overall and the phonological properties analyzed influenced the performance of the phonological awareness tasks included in this study.


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