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Prevalence of surgical complicated wound and associated factors in adults treated at public hospitals

##article.authors##

  • CAROL VIVIANA SERNA GONZÁLEZ PROESA EEUSP https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9850-3030
  • Evely Oliveira de Carvalho Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo (EEUSP)
  • Nariani Souza Galvão Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal do Amazonas (UFAM)
  • Paula Cristina Nogueira Departamento de Enfermagem Médico-Cirúrgica, Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5200-1281
  • Vera Lúcia Conceição de Gouveia Santos Departamento de Enfermagem Médico-Cirúrgica, Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1288-5761

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.3064

Keywords:

Surgical Wound Dehiscence, Prevalence, Surgical Wound Infection, Postoperative Complications, Nursing, Enterostomal Therapy

Abstract

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of complicated surgical wounds and their associated factors in hospitalized adults. Method: Cross-sectional study, approved by the ethics committee. We analyzed information from 251 patients undergoing surgery, at risk of surgical site complications, and admitted to seven public hospitals in Manaus (Brazil); information was collected through interviews, physical examination, and review of medical records from March to June 2015. The prevalence rate was calculated as the ratio between individuals with complications and patients at risk. To explore associated variables, individuals with and without complications were compared using bivariate analyzes and logistic regression, with a significance level of 5%. Results: 15 patients (6%) had a complicated surgical wound. The presence of ecchymosis (p<0.001), adjusted for male sex (p=0.047), and admission to the general practice (p<0.003) increased the probability of developing the complication by 10.1; 8.2, and 13.9 times, respectively. Conclusion: Identifying the prevalence of complicated surgical wounds in adults and its associated factors contributes to its epidemiological understanding, highlighting prevention targets and providing data for scientific comparison.

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Posted

10/13/2021 — Updated on 05/11/2022

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How to Cite

SERNA GONZÁLEZ, C. V., Oliveira de Carvalho, E., Souza Galvão, N., Nogueira, P. C., & de Gouveia Santos, V. L. C. (2022). Prevalence of surgical complicated wound and associated factors in adults treated at public hospitals. In SciELO Preprints. https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.3064 (Original work published 2021)

Section

Health Sciences