FOOD AND NUTRITIONAL PROFILES OF BRAZILIAN ADOLESCENTS
Keywords:Adolescent, Nutritional Status, Eating Behavior, Socioeconomic Factors, Sustainable Development Indicators
The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence of dietary and nutritional profiles of Brazilian adolescents and their associations with sociodemographic, behavioral and sustainability factors. Data from 16,556 adolescents evaluated by the 2015 National Adolescent Health Survey were used. The information was generated from Descriptive and Correspondence Analysis of the main variables - food and nutritional profiles (combination of dietary pattern categories with nutritional status categories) - and secondary. The most prevalent profile was identified as the type of dietary pattern (BP) with the lowest nutritional risk (NB) with normal weight, grouping 42.6% (95%CI: 41.3-43.7) of the adolescents, followed by the PA profiles of higher NB with normal weight (28.1%; 95%CI: 27.1-29.0), BP of lower NB with excess weight (17.5%; 95%CI: 16.7-18.3), BP of higher NB with excess weight (9.2%; 95%CI: 8.6-9.8), BP of lower NB with thinness (1.5%; 95%CI: 1.3-1.8) and BP of greater NB with thinness (1.1%; 95%CI: 0.9-1.4). These food and nutritional profiles coexist with different ways of life among Brazilian adolescents marked by sociodemographic, behavioral and sustainability aspects. The identification of these profiles and how they are distributed in the population allows for a better diagnosis of the realities of adolescents and the planning of more targeted and resolute feeding actions.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Diôgo Vale, Maria Eduarda da Costa Andrade, Natalie Marinho Dantas, Ricardo Andrade Bezerra, Clélia de Oliveira Lyra, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli
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