Home conditions and coverage of the Family Health Strategy in Brazil: a comparison of the results of the National Health Survey 2013 and 2019
Keywords:Housing conditions, Water supply, Household sanitation, Family Health Strategy, National Health Survey, Brazil
Objective: This study sought to evaluate the information regarding the characteristics of households and coverage of the Family Health Strategy (FHS), produced in the National Health Survey (NHS) and describe the changes that occurred in the period between 2013 and 2019.
Methods: Information on households and FHS coverage from the two editions of the NHS (2013 and 2019) was used. Differences between the proportions found were assessed, related to the availability of basic supply and sanitation services, as well as the adequacy of the materials used in the construction of the home, and the distribution of the adequacy of the households and the coverage of the FHS according to regions and census situation. For the analysis, the complex sampling design was considered, and the t-test for independent samples was used to assess the statistical significance of the difference between the proportions found in 2013 and 2019.
Results: Increases were observed in the percentage of households with adequate finishing, as well as in the percentage of households with piped water in at least one room, and with adequate basic sanitation (sewage and garbage). The FHS coverage also showed an increase in the period. Regional differences prevail and according to urban or rural situation of households.
Conclusion: Despite the increases observed both in the adequacy of households, in the availability of basic services and water and sanitation supply and in access to primary health care, many challenges still persist, mainly to ensure that these services reach the most vulnerable places.
Copyright (c) 2021 Wanessa da Silva de Almeida , Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza Júnior
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