Prevalence and associated factors to intimate partner violence against adult women in Brazil: National Health Survey, 2019
Keywords:Intimate partner violence, Gender-based violence, Epidemiology, Cross-sectional studies, Health surveys
Objective: To estimate the prevalence and associated factors to intimate partner violence against adult women in Brazil. and to characterize its associated factors. Methods: Quantitative cross-sectional epidemiological study using the database of the National Health Survey 2019. The prevalence in the last 12 months and crude and adjusted prevalence ratios of intimate partner violence were calculated, stratified by sociodemographic characteristics. Results: Intimate partner violence was reported by 7.6% of Brazilian women from 18 to 59 years old, with higher prevalence among younger women (8.96%), black women (9,05%), with lower education (8.55%) and low income (8.68%). After adjusted analysis, remained associated with intimate partner violence the age group 18 to 24 years old (1.41) and 25 to 39 years old (1.42) and lowest income (1.55). Conclusion: Intimate partner violence was associated to younger and poorest women. This result points to the need to develop intersectoral policies, especially the ones related to diminish the social inequalities and for coping with intimate partner violence among adult women.
Copyright (c) 2021 Nádia Machado de Vasconcelos, Fabiana Martins Dias de Andrade, Crizian Saar Gomes, Isabella Vitral Pinto, Deborah Carvalho Malta
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