Factors associated with the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease in the Brazilian adult population: National Health Survey, 2019
Keywords:Cardiovascular Diseases, Risk Factors, Health Surveys, Brazil
Objective: to estimate the prevalence and investigate the sociodemographic, health and lifestyle factors associated with the self-reported diagnosis of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) in the Brazilian adult population. Methods: Data from the National Health Survey (PNS 2019). The presence of CVD was self-reported through the question: "Has any doctor ever given you a diagnosis of heart disease?". Sociodemographic factors, health conditions and lifestyle were evaluated. For data analysis, Poisson Regression with robust variance was used. Results: 5.3% (95% CI: 5.04 -5.57) of Brazilian adults reported CVD, and of these, 29.08% (95% CI: 27.04-31.21) underwent bypass surgery or angioplasty and 8.26% (95% CI: 7.09-9.6) reported severe limitation in usual activities due to CD. The factors associated with CVD were advanced age; be male; race/ color white; have complete elementary and high school education; have a health plan; self-assess health as regular or bad/very bad; self-report hypertension, high cholesterol and diabetes; be a former smoker, consume fruits and vegetables as recommended, do not abuse alcohol abusively and do not practice leisure-time physical activity. Conclusions: CVD is associated with sociodemographic, health and lifestyle factors. It is important to support public policies, programs and goals for the reduction of cardiovascular diseases in Brazil, especially in the most vulnerable groups.
Copyright (c) 2021 Crizian Saar Gomes, Renata Patrícia Fonseca Gonçalves, Alanna Gomes da Silva, Ana Carolina Micheletti Gomide Nogueira de Sá, Francielle Thalita Almeida Alves, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Deborah Carvalho Malta
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