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Factors associated with the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease in the Brazilian adult population: National Health Survey, 2019

##article.authors##

  • Crizian Saar Gomes Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Faculdade de Medicina, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Pública, Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6586-4561
  • Renata Patrícia Fonseca Gonçalves Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Departamento de Enfermagem, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ensino em Saúde, Diamantina (MG), Brasil.
  • Alanna Gomes da Silva Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Enfermagem, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil
  • Ana Carolina Micheletti Gomide Nogueira de Sá Escola de Enfermagem, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil
  • Francielle Thalita Almeida Alves Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Enfermagem, Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil
  • Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro Hospital das Clínicas e Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG). Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil
  • Deborah Carvalho Malta Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Departamento Materno Infantil e Saúde Pública, Escola de Enfermagem, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem e Faculdade de Medicina, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Pública, Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720210013.supl.2

Keywords:

Cardiovascular Diseases, Risk Factors, Health Surveys, Brazil

Abstract

Objective: to estimate the prevalence and investigate the sociodemographic, health and lifestyle factors associated with the self-reported diagnosis of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) in the Brazilian adult population. Methods: Data from the National Health Survey (PNS 2019).  The presence of CVD was self-reported through the question: "Has any doctor ever given you a diagnosis of heart disease?". Sociodemographic factors, health conditions and lifestyle were evaluated. For data analysis, Poisson Regression with robust variance was used. Results: 5.3% (95% CI: 5.04 -5.57) of Brazilian adults reported CVD, and of these, 29.08% (95% CI: 27.04-31.21) underwent bypass surgery or angioplasty and 8.26% (95% CI: 7.09-9.6) reported severe limitation in usual activities due to CD. The factors associated with CVD were advanced age; be male; race/ color white; have complete elementary and high school education; have a health plan; self-assess health as regular or bad/very bad; self-report hypertension, high cholesterol and diabetes; be a former smoker, consume fruits and vegetables as recommended, do not abuse alcohol abusively and do not practice leisure-time physical activity. Conclusions: CVD is associated with sociodemographic, health and lifestyle factors. It is important to support public policies, programs and goals for the reduction of cardiovascular diseases in Brazil, especially in the most vulnerable groups.

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Posted

2021-09-15

Section

Health Sciences