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Prevalence of COVID-19 infection in the prison system in Espírito Santo/Brazil: Persons deprived of liberty and justice workers

##article.authors##

  • Adriana Ilha da Silva Laboratório de Epidemiologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil
  • Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel Laboratório de Epidemiologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4826-3355
  • Camila Leal Cravo Duque Secretaria de Estado da Justiça do Espírito Santo (SEJUS), Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil
  • Cristiana Costa Gomes Secretaria de Estado de Saúde do Espírito Santo (SESA), Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil
  • Erika do Nascimento Bianchi Secretaria de Estado da Justiça do Espírito Santo (SEJUS), Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil
  • Orlei Amaral Cardoso Secretaria de Estado de Saúde do Espírito Santo (SESA), Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil
  • Pablo Lira Instituto Jones Santos Neves (IJSN), Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil
  • Pablo Medeiros Jabor Instituto Jones Santos Neves (IJSN), Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil
  • Raphael Lubiana Zanotti Secretaria de Estado de Saúde do Espírito Santo (SESA), Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil
  • Ricardo Tristão Sá Departamento de Medicina Social- Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil
  • Silvânio José de Souza Magno Filho Secretaria de Estado da Justiça do Espírito Santo (SEJUS), Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil
  • Eliana Zandonade Laboratório de Epidemiologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720210053

Keywords:

COVID-19, epidemiology, cross-sectional studies, prison system

Abstract

Abstract: Objective: To present a prevalence study in prisons and estimate the percentage of people deprived of liberty, health professionals and prison officers infected with SARS-CoV-2 in ES. Methods: this was a prevalence study with sampling carried out in 34 prison units in ES, stratified between 08/31 and 09/04/2020, based on the Population-based age-stratified seroepidemiological investigation protocol for COVID.19 virus infection. Interviews and rapid tests were carried out to detect IgG and IgM in the groups mentioned. Results: Among the 1,830 individuals (311 health professionals, 675 prison officers and 844 people deprived of liberty - PPL), the prevalence of infection by COVID-19 was 11.89% for health professionals; 22.07% for prison officers and 31.64% for people deprived of liberty. Being mostly male, aged between 21 and 40 years old, with elementary and higher education, and of brown color, the interviewees are concentrated in the Metropolitan Region of Espírito Santo. Conclusions: It was observed that the prevalence was higher among people deprived of liberty in all regions in the closed regime, and for penitentiary officers in the semi-open regime, especially in the North region. As for the comparison between regimens and region, distinctions were observed between groups of PPLs with positive tests. And in order to achieve effectiveness in combating COVID-19 with the prison system, actions of extrication, tests and mass vaccination are necessary, as well as other health actions.

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Posted

09/01/2021

How to Cite

Silva, A. I. da, Maciel, E. L. N., Duque, C. L. C., Gomes, C. C., Bianchi, E. do N., Cardoso, O. A., Lira, P., Jabor, P. M., Zanotti, R. L., Sá, R. T., Magno Filho, S. J. de S., & Zandonade, E. (2021). Prevalence of COVID-19 infection in the prison system in Espírito Santo/Brazil: Persons deprived of liberty and justice workers. In SciELO Preprints. https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720210053

Section

Health Sciences

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