The use of antimicrobial-impregnated fabrics in health services: an integrative review
Keywords:Containment of Biohazards, Infection Control, Health Services, Protective Clothing, Textiles, Anti-Infective Agents
Objective: to analyze evidence concerning the feasibility of antimicrobial-impregnated fabrics in preventing and controlling microbial transmission in health services. Method: an integrative review using the following databases: MEDLINE (via PubMed), Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus, and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), regardless of language and date of publication. Seven studies were included in the analysis to verify the types of fabrics and substances used to impregnate the fabrics, applicability in health services, and decrease in microbial load. Results: silver nanoparticles and copper oxide are the main antimicrobial substances used to impregnate the fabrics. The patients' use of these fabrics, such as in bed and bath linens and clothing, was more effective in reducing antimicrobial load than in health workers’ uniforms. Conclusion: the use of these antimicrobial-impregnated textiles, especially by patients, is a viable alternative to prevent and control microbial transmission in health services. Implementing these fabrics in health workers’ uniforms requires further studies, however, to verify its effectiveness in decreasing microbial load in clinical practice.
Copyright (c) 2020 Guilherme Schneider, Felipe Lazarini Bim, Álvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa, Evandro Watanabe, Denise de Andrade, Inês Fronteira
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.