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COVID-19 in children, adolescents and young people: Survey in Espírito Santo, Brazil, 2020

##article.authors##

  • Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4826-3355
  • Cristiana Costa Gomes Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde
  • Gilton Luiz Almada Almada Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Espírito Santo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0319-1151
  • Nésio Fernandes de Medeiros Junior Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Espírito Santo
  • Orlei Amaral Cardoso Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Espírito Santo
  • Pablo Medeiros Jabor Instituto Jones dos Santos Neves
  • Tania Reuter Reuter Hospital Universitário Cassiano Antônio Moraes
  • Vera Lucia Gomes de Andrade Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Espírito Santo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4105-8685
  • Whisllay Maciel Bastos Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Tocantins
  • Eliana Zandonade Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Tocantins https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5160-3280

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/s1679-4974202100024

Keywords:

Coronavirus Infections, Child Health, Adolescent, Cross-Sectional Studies

Abstract

Objective: To Analyze self-reported sociodemographic and clinical aspects among individuals aged 2 to 22 years and possible associations with SARS-CoV-2 infection in Espírito Santo. Methods: Serial cross-sectional population-based study carried out from May to June 2020. The percentage of positivity for COVID-19 was evaluated by serological test, and the associated factors by Pearson's chi-square test (significance level of 5%). Results: Among 1,693 individuals aged 2 to 22 years, 6,1% tested positive for COVID-19 and, among these, 35.5% did not present any symptoms. Differences were identified between positive and negative regarding the number of symptoms (p-value=0.001). Cough was reported by 40.4% of positive individuals. Only 14.3% sought health care, with 29.8% among the positive and 13.3% among the negative (p-value=0.001). Conclusion: The percentage of asymptomatic patients can impact the transmission chain of COVID-19 in schools and boost outbreaks of the disease in schools.

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Posted

2021-06-08

Section

Health Sciences