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COVID-19 in children, adolescents and young people: Survey in Espírito Santo, Brazil, 2020

##article.authors##

  • Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4826-3355
  • Cristiana Costa Gomes Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde
  • Gilton Luiz Almada Almada Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Espírito Santo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0319-1151
  • Nésio Fernandes de Medeiros Junior Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Espírito Santo
  • Orlei Amaral Cardoso Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Espírito Santo
  • Pablo Medeiros Jabor Instituto Jones dos Santos Neves
  • Tania Reuter Reuter Hospital Universitário Cassiano Antônio Moraes
  • Vera Lucia Gomes de Andrade Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Espírito Santo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4105-8685
  • Whisllay Maciel Bastos Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Tocantins
  • Eliana Zandonade Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Tocantins https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5160-3280

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/s1679-4974202100024

Keywords:

Coronavirus Infections, Child Health, Adolescent, Cross-Sectional Studies

Abstract

Objective: To Analyze self-reported sociodemographic and clinical aspects among individuals aged 2 to 22 years and possible associations with SARS-CoV-2 infection in Espírito Santo. Methods: Serial cross-sectional population-based study carried out from May to June 2020. The percentage of positivity for COVID-19 was evaluated by serological test, and the associated factors by Pearson's chi-square test (significance level of 5%). Results: Among 1,693 individuals aged 2 to 22 years, 6,1% tested positive for COVID-19 and, among these, 35.5% did not present any symptoms. Differences were identified between positive and negative regarding the number of symptoms (p-value=0.001). Cough was reported by 40.4% of positive individuals. Only 14.3% sought health care, with 29.8% among the positive and 13.3% among the negative (p-value=0.001). Conclusion: The percentage of asymptomatic patients can impact the transmission chain of COVID-19 in schools and boost outbreaks of the disease in schools.

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Posted

06/08/2021

How to Cite

Maciel, E. L. N. ., Gomes, C. C. ., Almada, G. L. A., Junior, N. F. de M., Cardoso, O. A. ., Jabor, P. M. ., Reuter, T. R., Andrade, V. L. G. de ., Bastos, W. M. ., & Zandonade, E. . (2021). COVID-19 in children, adolescents and young people: Survey in Espírito Santo, Brazil, 2020. In SciELO Preprints. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1679-4974202100024

Section

Health Sciences