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Socio-demographic and clinical factors of leprosy cases associated with the performance of the evaluation of their contacts in Ceará, Brazil, 2008-2019

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/s1679-4974202100018

Keywords:

Leprosy, Epidemiology, Surveillance, Contact Tracing

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the association between sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of new cases (NC) of leprosy as determinants in the performance of contact assessment. Methods: A cross-sectional study with temporal approach of the 100% examined contacts assessment indicator of each NC registered in the State of Ceará, Brazil, via the Notification Information System, 2008-2019. Logistic regression was undertaken to estimate the odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). The time trend was based on Joinpoint regression. Results: 23,675 NC of leprosy were analysed, 65.4% with examined contacts. There was a greater chance of not evaluating of 100% of registered contacts when the NC was multibacillar (OR=1.19 – 95%CI 1.11;1.28), and with contact examination as entry mode (OR=1.71 – 95%CI 1.35;2.18). An increasing time trend of the indicator was verified (annual percentage change: 2.1 (95%CI 1.2;3.0). Conclusion: Different dimensions of individual and social vulnerability of new cases of leprosy in Ceará influence the persistent unsatisfactory performance of the evaluation of their contacts.

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Posted

06/08/2021

How to Cite

Soares, G. M. M. de M. ., Souza, E. A. de ., Ferreira, A. F. ., García, G. S. M. ., Oliveira, M. L. W.-D.-R. de ., Pinheiro, A. B. de M. ., Santos, M. A. M. dos ., & Ramos Jr., A. N. . (2021). Socio-demographic and clinical factors of leprosy cases associated with the performance of the evaluation of their contacts in Ceará, Brazil, 2008-2019. In SciELO Preprints. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1679-4974202100018

Section

Health Sciences