Preprint / Version 1

Governmental non-drug strategies for COVID-19 - Scoping review

##article.authors##

  • Osmar Clayton Person Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Santo Amaro https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2221-9535
  • Paula Ribeiro Lopes Almeida Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP
  • Maria Eduarda dos Santos Puga Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP
  • Álvaro Nagib Atallah Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.2355

Keywords:

evidence-based clinical practice, Covid-19, health policies, prevention, social distancing

Abstract

Background and objectives: The new coronavirus pandemic has so far caused around 3 million deaths worldwide and significant changes in the population's routine. Social distancing, the use of masks and general restrictions are advocated by governments as mandatory non-drug primary strategies, which must be incorporated into society for a long time. The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of governmental non-drug strategies for COVID-19. Study design: This is a scoping review. Methodology: Search for studies at Medline / PUBMED, at the Cochrane Library and at EMBASE. DECS descriptors were used and there were no geographical and temporal restrictions on publications. The inclusion criteria involved human studies covering exposure to governmental non-drug strategies, with social distance, the use of masks and lockdown being a priority. Results: The search strategy retrieved 365 citations and, of these, 9 studies were included in this review. Discussion: Most studies involve observational studies and suggest that social distance, lockdown and the use of facial masks can reduce the incidence of new cases of COVID-19. Conclusion: The strategies of physical distance, lockdown and the use of facial masks had a beneficial result in most of the studies analyzed, contributing to the reduction of new cases of COVID-19.

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Author Biographies

Osmar Clayton Person, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Santo Amaro

Doutor em Saúde Baseada em Evidências pela Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Professor Titular de Otorrinolaringologia da Universidade Santo Amaro (UNISA)

Paula Ribeiro Lopes Almeida, Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP

Médica Otorrinolaringologista. Pós-graduanda em Saúde Baseada em Evidências pela UNIFESP

Maria Eduarda dos Santos Puga, Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP

Doutora em Saúde Baseada em Evidências pela UNIFESP. Especialista em Informação pelo Centro Cochrane do Brasil

Álvaro Nagib Atallah, Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP

Professor Titular e Chefe da Disciplina de Medicina de Urgência e Medicina Baseada em Evidências da Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp). Diretor do Cochrane Brazil e Diretor Científico da Associação Paulista de Medicina

Posted

2021-05-25

Section

Health Sciences