Overweight and obesity prevalence trend in Espírito Santo, Brazil: an ecological study, 2009-2018
Keywords:Obesity, Overweight, Nutritional Status, Nutritional Surveillance, Spatio-Temporal Analysis
Objective: To analyze trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Espírito Santo, Brazil, from 2009 to 2018. Methods: Ecological study using data from the Food and Nutrition Surveillance System. Overweight and obesity were classified as recommended by the World Health Organization. Linear regression (Prais-Winsten) was performed to estimate the prevalence trend. Results: An increasing trend was observed for overweight (5.5 to 8.6%) and obesity (4.4 to 8.3%), in both sexes and regions. In the stratified analysis, there was an increase in overweight and obesity in children, adolescents and adult females (from 4.2 to 8.6%; p<0.05). In males, obesity was increased among adolescents in the northern, central and southern regions of the state and there was an increase in obesity (5.1%; p=0.01) at all ages in the southern region. Conclusion: There was an increase in overweight and obesity from 2009 to 2018 in Espírito Santo.
Copyright (c) 2021 Carla Moronari de Oliveira Aprelini, Erika Cardoso dos Reis, Oscar Geovanny Enriquez Martinez, Tatielle Rocha de Jesus, Maria del Carmen Bisi Molina
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.