Recurrent violence against children: analysis of cases notified between 2011 and 2018 in the Espírito Santo, Brazil
Keywords:Child Abuse, Violence, Exposure to Violence, Domestic Violence, Epidemiological Monitoring, Cross-Sectional Studies
Objective: To identify the frequency of reported cases and factors associated with recurrent childhood violence in Espírito Santo, Brazil. Methods: Cross-sectional study with cases notified in the Notifiable Diseases Information System between 2011-2018. Associations were tested using Pearson’s Chi-Square test and Poisson Regression stratified by sex. Results: The frequency of recurrent violence was 32.5%. In boys, it was associated with the child’s age (PR=1.38 – 95%CI 1.11;1.73) and the aggressor’s age (PR=1.85 – 95%CI 1.30;2.63) and the occurrence at home (PR=1.61 – 95%CI 1.23;2.11); in girls, it was associated with age (PR=1.39 – 95%CI 1.20;1.60) and the presence of disabilities/disorders in the victim (PR=1.43 – 95%CI 1.22;1.67), abusive parents (PR=3.70 – 95%CI 1.65;8.32) and occurrence at home (PR=1.39 – 95%CI 1.10;1.75). Conclusion: Recurrent violence was present in almost a third of the reports of violence against children in the state, requiring the recognition of its associated factors for the development of prevention policies.
Copyright (c) 2021 Márcia Regina de Oliveira Pedroso, Franciéle Marabotti Costa Leite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.