HIV post-exposure prophylaxis in vulnerable populations: a retrospective longitudinal study in a public health ambulatory in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 2015-2018
Keywords:Post-Exposure Prophylaxis, HIV, Vulnerable Populations, Epidemiology, Descriptive
Objective: To describe the profile of people who initiated post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in a public health service, evaluating the use of this technology among the key populations preconized by the Ministry of Health of Brazil. Methods: Retrospective longitudinal study, with secondary data of people attended between 2015-2018. Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated and Pearson's chi-square test was used to compare behavioral characteristics. Results: From 270 people evaluated, there was a higher frequency of white (76.3%) young adults (45.4%), male (74.7%), highly educated (65.7%) and with multiple sex partners (40.7%). Among the key populations, there was a higher frequency of people who use alcohol and/or other drug (49.6%) and men who have sex with men (38.1%), while lower frequency of transgender people (2.2%) and sex workers (4.8%) used PEP. Conclusion: The use of PEP was not homogeneous among the vulnerable groups evaluated, with lower frequency of transgender people and sex workers.
Copyright (c) 2021 Luciana Castoldi, Marina Marques Berengan, Nalu Silvana Both, Vanessa Schmidt Fortes, Tanara Vogel Pinheiro
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