ANALYSIS OF COVID-19 EVOLUTION AND NUMBER OF ICU BEDS IN BRAZILIAN STATES IN THE FIRST HALF OF 2020
Keywords:Coronavirus Infections, Intensive Care Units, Hospital Bed Capacity, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
The new Coronavirus pandemic affects thousands of people day after day. Once installed in the body, COVID-19 manifests itself through non-specific symptoms in the respiratory, gastrointestinal or sensory systems. As the number of infected people grows and the demand for special care becomes more expressive, it is extremely important to check the number of ICU beds created in the country and their distribution in the Brazilian territory. The objective of this study was to analyze the evolution of COVID-19 and the number of ICU beds in Brazilian states and capitals in the first half of 2020. The study was observational, ecological, descriptive and analytical, using DATASUS and Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ) as databases. The present research found a significant increase in the number of ICU II COVID-19 beds, mainly adult subtype, due to the lower involvement of children and the greater need of the adult population. In addition, there was a greater concentration of these beds in the south and southeast regions, when analyzing absolute numbers. Finally, the north/northeast regions were the most affected by the heterogeneity of bed distribution, concentrating practically all new beds in the capitals of their respective states. There was no significant correlation between the supply of beds and accumulated cases of COVID-19 in the country.
Copyright (c) 2021 Kelser de Souza Kock, Marcos Bottega Poleto
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