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Gender and race inequalities in the COVID-19 pandemic: implications for control in Brazil

##article.authors##

  • Ana Paula dos Reis Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Instituto de Saúde Coletiva (ISC) – Salvador (BA), Brasil. Rede CoVida – Ciência, Informação e Solidariedade – Salvador (BA), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6750-0187
  • Emanuelle Freitas Góes Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Centro de Integração de Dados e Conhecimentos para a Saúde (Cidacs) – Salvador (BA), Brasil. Rede CoVida – Ciência, Informação e Solidariedade – Salvador (BA), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9288-6723
  • Flávia Bulegon Pilecco Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Preventiva e Social – Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil. Rede CoVida – Ciência, Informação e Solidariedade – Salvador (BA), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8316-8797
  • Maria da Conceição Chagas de Almeida Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Instituto Gonçalo Moniz – Salvador (BA), Brasil. Rede CoVida – Ciência, Informação e Solidariedade – Salvador (BA), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4760-4157
  • Luisa Maria Diele-Viegas Universidade de Maryland, Departamento de Biologia – College Park, Maryland, Estados Unidos da América. Rede CoVida – Ciência, Informação e Solidariedade – Salvador (BA), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9225-4678
  • Greice Maria de Souza Menezes Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Instituto de Saúde Coletiva (ISC) – Salvador (BA), Brasil. Rede CoVida – Ciência, Informação e Solidariedade – Salvador (BA), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8393-2545
  • Estela Maria Leão Aquino Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Instituto de Saúde Coletiva (ISC) – Salvador (BA), Brasil. Rede CoVida – Ciência, Informação e Solidariedade – Salvador (BA), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8204-1249

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-11042020E423

Keywords:

Gender and health, Race and health, COVID-19

Abstract

The present narrative review synthesized scientific evidence regarding gender and race inequality in the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on women's productive/reproductive work, gender-based violence, and the access to sexual and reproductive health services (SRHS). The results demonstrated that the effective control of the pandemic and the preservation of rights should consider social inequality. Besides the direct effects of SARS-CoV-2, the literature discusses that access barriers to SRHS can lead to an increase of unintended pregnancies, unsafe abortions, and maternal mortality. Also, the social distancing has led several women to stay confined with their aggressors, which hinders the access to reporting services, incurring in the increase of gender-based violence and severe outcomes to health. As the main responsible for the care, women are more prone to get the virus in both professional and domestic spheres. The conciliation between work and family has become more difficult for them during the pandemic. Literature naturalizes gender, race, and social class differences, emphasizing risk factors. An intersectional research plan is needed to support the information of public policies that incorporate human rights and embrace the needs of the most vulnerable groups to the COVID-19.

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Posted

2020-12-17

Section

Health Sciences