Gender and race inequalities in the COVID-19 pandemic: implications for control in Brazil
Keywords:Gender and health, Race and health, COVID-19
The present narrative review synthesized scientific evidence regarding gender and race inequality in the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on women's productive/reproductive work, gender-based violence, and the access to sexual and reproductive health services (SRHS). The results demonstrated that the effective control of the pandemic and the preservation of rights should consider social inequality. Besides the direct effects of SARS-CoV-2, the literature discusses that access barriers to SRHS can lead to an increase of unintended pregnancies, unsafe abortions, and maternal mortality. Also, the social distancing has led several women to stay confined with their aggressors, which hinders the access to reporting services, incurring in the increase of gender-based violence and severe outcomes to health. As the main responsible for the care, women are more prone to get the virus in both professional and domestic spheres. The conciliation between work and family has become more difficult for them during the pandemic. Literature naturalizes gender, race, and social class differences, emphasizing risk factors. An intersectional research plan is needed to support the information of public policies that incorporate human rights and embrace the needs of the most vulnerable groups to the COVID-19.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Ana Paula dos Reis, Emanuelle Freitas Góes, Flávia Bulegon Pilecco , Maria da Conceição Chagas de Almeida, Luisa Maria Diele-Viegas, Greice Maria de Souza Menezes, Estela Maria Leão Aquino
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.