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Convergence in alcohol abuse in Brazilian capitals between genders, 2016 to 2019: what population surveys say

##article.authors##

  • Deborah Carvalho Malta Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8214-5734
  • Alanna Gomes da Silva Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil.
  • Elton Junio Sady Prates Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil.
  • Francielle Thalita Almeida Alves Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil
  • Elier Broche Cristo Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministério da Saúde, Brasília (DF), Brasil.
  • Ísis Eloah Machado Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto. Ouro Preto (MG), Brasil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720210022.supl.1

Keywords:

Alcohol Drinking, Men, Women, Time Series Studies

Abstract

Objective: to analyze the temporal trend of the prevalence of alcohol abuse in adults in Brazilian capitals, between 2006 and 2019. Methods: time series study, based on data from the Risk and Protection Factors for Chronic Diseases Surveillance System by Telephone Survey (Vigitel), between 2006 and 2019. The population consisted of adults (≥ 18 years old) residing in Brazilian capitals with landlines. The trend analysis was performed by linear regression. Results: Between 2006 and 2019 there was a significant increase (p = 0.03) in the abusive consumption of alcoholic beverages for the total adult population, from 15.6% to 18.8%. Among men, the trend was towards stability (p = 0.96), and among women, there was an increase from 7.7% to 13.3% (p = <0.001; β = 0.295). Stratified by capitals and male gender, from 2006 to 2019 there was a reduction in Belém, Fortaleza, João Pessoa, Macapá, Manaus, Natal, Recife, São Luis, and Teresina. On the other hand, there was growth in the Federal District. Among women, the trend was upward in: Aracaju, Belo Horizonte, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Goiânia, Palmas, Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, São Paulo, Vitória, and the Federal District. Conclusion: The results indicate that more adult women are currently drinking in excess compared to previous years, suggesting an increased risk of alcohol-related harm in this portion of the population in Brazilian capitals, bringing about a convergence effect with the prevalence among men and women.

Posted

2020-12-15

Section

Health Sciences