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The geography of femicide in Sergipe, Brazil: matriarchy, human development and income distribution

##article.authors##

  • Yamilla Ramos Carvalho de Sá Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Sergipe. Aracaju (SE), Brazil
  • Paula Cristina Pedroso Moi Center for Postgraduate Studies in Administration, Federal University of Bahia. Salvador (BA), Brazil
  • Noemi Dreyer Galvão Institute of Collective Health, Federal University of Mato Grosso. Cuiabá (MT), Brazil.
  • Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva Institute of Collective Health, Federal University of Mato Grosso. Cuiabá (MT), Brazil
  • Gisele Pedroso Moi Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Sergipe. Aracaju (SE), Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5901-5042

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720210016.supl.1

Keywords:

Homicide, Gender-Based Violence, Mortality, Epidemiology, Ecological Studies, Spatial Analysis

Abstract

Objective: This research analyzed the joint spatial distribution and explored possible associations between epidemiological aspects and feminicide rates, in the municipalities of the State of Sergipe located into northeastern Brazilian. Methodology: An exploratory ecological study investigated the global spatial autocorrelation of epidemiological aspects with feminicide rates from municipalities of the State of Sergipe – Brazil (n= 75), in the 2013-2017 period, using the “global” and “local” Moran statistic method and a multiple spatial regression, having as variables of exposure the socioeconomic status, the demographic status, the services and health status, feminicide rates. The software used was Stata 11.0, SPSS 18.0 and GeoDa 0.95-i. Results:  The spatial distribution of the femicide rates was not random and showed high spatial autocorrelation and predominance of significant spatial groupings of municipalities with the highest mortality rates due to feminicide in the central region of Sergipe State. In the multiple regression, the percentage of women heads of families and the Municipal Human Development Index were positively associated with the rates of femicide in Sergipe's municipalities in the studied period (p <0.05). The opposite situation occurred between the GINI Index and the rates of femicide. Conclusions: This is the first study that analyze the factors associated with the spatial clusters of feminicide rates in a geographical space where there is a predominance of patriarchal culture. There was an increase in femicide in locations where there is lowest social inequality, greater human development and greater authority exercised by women in the family environment.

 

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Posted

2020-12-15

Section

Human Sciences