COVID-19 in the State of Ceará: behaviors and beliefs in the arrival of the pandemic
Keywords:Pandemics, Coronavirus, Social Behavior
This study aimed to evaluate the behavioral aspects and beliefs of the population of Ceará in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. An online questionnaire was conducted on sociodemographic aspects and opinions related to the pandemic. Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated, the association between variables was performed with Chi-square, and the level of significance was 5%. The final sample had 2,259 participants, and an association was observed between females and perceiving themselves with a high risk of infection (p=0.044) and males with non-performance of voluntary quarantine (p<0.001). People aged 80 years and over were partially quarantined due to the flow of people at home (p <0.001). Participants with elementary school education had a lower risk of infection than participants with a higher level of education (p <0.001). This group includes people who did voluntary quarantine the least (p<0.001). Participants living in the inland region of the state had less direct contact with someone tested positive for the Coronavirus (p=0.031) and are less reclusive (p<0.001). We can conclude that the approach to the COVID-19 pandemic varies by social aspects, such as gender, age, education, and place of residence, as well as the belief system of the population of the State of Ceará.
Copyright (c) 2020 Danilo Lima, Aldo Dias, Renata Rabelo, Igor Cruz, Samuel Costa, Flávia Nigri, Jiovanne Neri
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