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Social distancing, feeling of sadness and lifestyles of the Brazilian population during the COVID-19 pandemic

##article.authors##

  • Deborah Carvalho Malta Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) – Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8214-5734
  • Crizian Saar Gomes Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) – Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6586-4561
  • Célia Landmann Szwarcwald Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde (Icict) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil.
  • Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp) – Campinas (SP), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3974-195X
  • Alanna Gomes da Silva Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) – Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2587-5658
  • Elton Junio Sady Prates Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) – Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5049-186X
  • Ísis Eloah Machado Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto (Ufop) – Ouro Preto (MG), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4678-2074
  • Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza Júnior Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde (Icict) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8142-4790
  • Dália Elena Romero Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde (Icict) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2643-9797
  • Margareth Guimaraes Lima Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp) – Campinas (SP), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6996-0745
  • Giseli Nogueira Damacena Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde (Icict) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil.
  • Luiz Otávio Azevedo Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde (Icict) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4876-5948
  • Maria de Fátima Pina Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde (Icict) – Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1521-7865
  • André Oliveira Werneck Universidade de São Paulo (USP) – São Paulo (SP), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9166-4376
  • Danilo Rodrigues Pereira da Silva Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS) – Aracajú (SE), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3995-4795

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.1371

Keywords:

Quarantine, Coronavirus Infections, Mental Health, Life Style, Brazil

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has had biopsychosocial impacts on individual and collective health. The aim of the study was to analyze adherence to social distance, the repercussions on mood and changes in the lifestyles of the Brazilian adult population during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a cross-sectional study with adult individuals living in Brazil (n = 45,161) who participated in the virtual health survey ConVid - Behavior Survey, from April 24 to May 24, 2020. Data collection was performed via web, using a self-administered questionnaire. The prevalence and 95% confidence interval of the studied variables were calculated. Of the sample studied, only 1.5% led normal lives, without any social restrictions and 75% stayed at home, of which 15% stayed strictly at home. The frequent feelings of sadness or depression (35.5%), isolation (41.2%) and anxiety (41.3%) were reported by a large part of the studied population. It was found that 17% of participants reported increased consumption of alcoholic beverages and 34% of smokers increased the number of cigarettes. There was an increase in the consumption of unhealthy foods and a reduction in the practice of physical activity in the period studied. It was concluded that there was a high adherence to social distance and an increase in feelings of sadness, depression and anxiety, as well as an increase in the consumption of unhealthy foods, use of alcoholic beverages and cigarettes and a reduction in the practice of physical activity. These changes are worrying and can result in damage to individual and collective health in the medium and long term.

Posted

2020-10-15

Section

Health Sciences