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Temporal trend of the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Brazilian adults, according to sociodemographic characteristics, 2006- 2019




Body Mass Index, Obesity, Health Surveys, Health Inequalities


Objective: To analyze the temporal trend of overweight and obesity prevalences, among adults in Brazilian capitals and the Federal District, 2006-2019. Methods: Time series using data from the Surveillance System for Risk and Protection Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey, 2006-2019 (n=730,309). The prevalence of overweight and obesity for each of the years was analyzed, according to characteristics of sex, age, and schooling combined. The temporal trend was analyzed by PraisWinsten regression. Results: Variations in the prevalence of overweight were observed, mainly, in men, 18-24 years old with less than 8 years of study (3.17%/year) and women, between 18-24 years old with more than 12 years of study (6.81% /year). Bigger increases in the prevalence of obesity were observed, mainly, in women, 18-24 years old with more than 12 years of study (10.79%/year). Conclusion: There was an increase in overweight and obesity in most of the studied socio-demographic strata, especially in more educated young people


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