DOI of the published article https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200105
Changes of Brazilians’ socioeconomic and health conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic
Keywords:Pandemics, Coronavirus Infections, social isolation, social change, health evaluation, Brazil
Objective: To describe changes in socioeconomic and health conditions of Brazilians during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodology: Cross-sectional study with data from a web-based behavioral survey data carried out from April 24 to May 24, 2020 with 45,161 participants recruited by chain sampling procedure. A descriptive analysis of the survey topics was performed: adherence to social restriction measures, diagnosis of the new coronavirus, work situation and income, difficulties in routine activities, presence of comorbidities, psychological issues, and access to health services. Prevalence and respective 95% confidence intervals were estimated. Results: Approximately 74% of Brazilians adhered to social restrictions. As for flu symptoms, 28.1% reported having at least one flu symptom, but only 5.9% underwent testing for covid-19. Regarding the socioeconomic impact, 55.1% reported a decrease in family income, and 7.0% were left without income; 25.8% of people lost their jobs, with the group of informal workers being the most affected (50.6%). As for health conditions, 29.4% reported worsening of health status; 45% having sleep problems; 40% frequently presented feelings of sadness and 52.5% of anxiety; 21.7% sought health care, and among them, 13.9% did not get care. Conclusion: The findings show the importance of controlling the covid-19 pandemic in Brazil, to mitigate the adverse effects on the socioeconomic and health conditions related to social restriction measures.
Copyright (c) 2020 Wanessa da Silva de Almeida , Célia Landmann Szwarcwald , Deborah Carvalho Malta , Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros , Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza Júnior , Luiz Otávio Azevedo , Margareth Guimarães Lima , Dália Romero, Giseli Nogueira Damacena, Ísis Eloah Machado , Crizian Saar Gomes, Maria de Fátima de Pina, Renata Gracie, André Oliveira Werneck, Danilo Rodrigues Pereira da Silva
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.