DOI of the published article 10.5327/Z2447-212320202000127
OCCURRENCE OF INFECTION AND MORTALITY BY COVID-19 IN CARE HOMES FOR OLDER PEOPLE IN BRAZIL
Keywords:long-term care, COVID-19, aged, care homes, homes for the aged
Introduction: Mortality rates due to COVID-19 in older people living in long-term care homes reach 80% in some countries. In Brazil, little is known about the incidence and mortality in this population.
Objective: To describe the occurrence of COVID-19 infection and mortality in care homes for the older people in Brazil.
Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive study using primary and secondary sources and non-probabilistic sampling. Between April and June 2020, through an electronic questionnaire, care homes administrators from all over Brazil were invited to report the occurrence of infection and mortality of residents by COVID-19. In addition, an active search for data was carried out with the services of the State Public Prosecutor Offices, State Health Departments and the Unified Social Assistance System. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.
Results: Information from 1,802 care homes from 11 states was analyzed, where 42,216 older people lived. The incidence rate of COVID-19 was 6.14%, and 458 deaths were recorded in the period, with a case-fatality rate of 17.65%.
Conclusion: The incidence and fatality observed in this study were lower than the rates observed in other countries. However, given the limitations regarding the collection of information and other barriers to the study, new structured data sources are essential for understanding the spread of the virus in care homes in the country.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Patrick Alexander Wachholz, Virgilio Garcia Moreira, Déborah Oliveira, Helena Akemi Wada Watanabe, Paulo José Fortes Villas Boas
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.